Australian Animal Learning Zone

Fairy Penguin Picture

Fairy Penguin

Fairy Penguin is the smallest member of the family of Penguins primarily found in the southern parts of Australia and New Zealand. This cute looking Penguin has multiple species and known by different names like Little Blue Penguins. These Penguins are among the major tourist attractions in the places they are found and people are in awe of their beauty as they glide along the coastal areas. They are distinguished by their typical bluish hue and white under color and look wonderful when they move around noisily in clusters.

Scientific name

Fairy Penguin is scientifically known as Eudyptula minor.

Fairy Penguin Description

These creatures can be easily identified, as they are the smallest of creatures in the species of Penguins in an attractive shade. Some of their physical attributes are:


The mammals have a nice blue shade on their upper body or feathers and a contrast is being provided by the shade of white under those feathers comprising the underbelly. They have dark black-gray colored beaks along with pink feet covering black soles. Shades are lighter when they are young.


Fairy Penguins weigh around 1 kg and look prettily plump.


They have incredibly short height, growing up to around 12 inches tall in their entire lifetime. Their approximate length of the beak is almost 3 to 3.5 cm and their age determines other measurements of their physical appearance.

Fairy Penguin Picture

Picture 1 – Fairy Penguin


They have taut and small feathers that have an amazing waterproofing quality made possible by the presence of oil glands in the tail.

Fairy Penguin Behavior

Fairy Penguins have several distinct behavioral traits.

  • Since they love swimming, they indulge in it frequently after sunrise. They hunt for their food usually in the evenings by diving into the sea and are great at it.
  • These creatures can communicate via certain sounds that are prominent during the breeding season when they call for their mating partners. They show distinct behavior pattern while recognizing their partners.
  • Apart from having definite vocal patterns, they also display physical behavior.
  • They have a distinct hunting design and are able to dive as deep as 10 to 15 m for hunting food.
  • Interestingly they cover their bill while sleeping which may seem to be a clever way of preventing the loss of heat from the body.
  • Fairy Penguins like any other species of the same family are extremely social though they tend to be shy as well. They move around and also eat in groups.
  • These little creatures a distinct way of waterproofing their bodies by releasing and rubbing the oil on their bodies by the process of preening that they do all through the day.

Photos of Fairy Penguin

Picture 2 – Fairy Penguin Photo

Fairy Penguin Sounds

They are highly vocal and they have a way of communicating via sounds of various kinds. An extensive range of sound emitted by the creature helps them mate, seek protection and play. As mating season approaches, they recognize their partners and call for them via different sounds.Princeton

Fairy Penguin Diet

These amazing Penguins are carnivorous creatures surviving on tiny sea creatures, fishes and squids like Australian anchovies.


They are fairly distributed mainly on the southern fringes of Australia, New Zealand, Chatham Islands and Tasmania.


This family of Penguins differs from other species by the way of living in tropical as well as sub Antarctic regions. These creatures make burrows underground which again have a pretty stable temperature around 25 to 30 degree Celsius. These burrows are adjacent to the sea or any other water body. They generally form colonies that are scattered around place where they are dominant.

Baby Fairy Penguin Photo Picture 3 – Baby Fairy Penguin

Fairy Penguin Predators

Among the predators at sea, killer whales, sharks and furs are common, while they are preyed upon by massive Gulls and Sea Eagles on land. New Zealand Fur Seals are a common danger apart from foxes, snakes, feral cats and lizards.

Fairy Penguin Adaptations

Fairy Penguins have quite a number of adaptive features.

  • They, like any other of their species have wings that work like flippers helping them swim. They exhibit mechanisms like a flying bird.
  • They can dive like experts though the timing of staying underwater is not long enough.
  • Their bodies have glands located at the bill which enables them to discard the salt which may deposit while they are in the sea.
  • Their feathers are waterproofing shields and they provide them the warmth and protection from freezing waters of the ocean.
  • These fairy Penguins have a great circulatory system that is suitable to maintain the temperature of the body, either by releasing or conserving heatInflatable Bouncer.

Fairy Penguins Mating Season

Breeding season of these Penguins is considered to be the shortest as compared with the other Penguins. It can breed all through the year for a period of 45 to 50 days.

Pictures of Fairy Penguin

Picture 4 – Fairy Penguin Picture

Fairy Penguin Breeding

They have a distinct pattern and season of breeding, when they meet at the breeding colonies. Maturity age of the male Fairy Penguin is around 3 years and female is 2 years approximately. Eggs are generally laid in the months following September till November and that go through an incubation period of around 40 days, in which the males also participate.

These Penguins are serial monogamous creatures. They are very loyal to their counterparts during the whole season of breeding and as soon as it gets over, they look for other partners. When the little Penguins are born, they are looked after for almost a month and then allowed to roam free and hunt for their own food.

Breeding Range

Families of these creatures can be traced all through New Zealand and southern Australia. They have their breeding range extended across Western Australia comprising the Shoalwater Island group towards the southern coastal region till the eastern sides including South Solitary Islands.

In New Zealand, these creatures can be spotted along the shores of Stewart Islands and Chatham. They breed in the coastal regions that possess no threat from mammalian predators for safe delivery and nurturing of the young ones. They are known to return back to the same locations every year for breeding.

Fairy Penguin Egg Image

Picture 5 – Fairy Penguin Egg

Fairy Penguin Lifespan

The average lifespan of the creature is 6 to 7 years but they have been recorded to live longer when captivated.

Fairy Penguin Sub Species

White-flippered Penguin may be termed as a sub species of the Fairy Penguin.

Fairy Penguin Conservation status

According to IUCN reports this species of Penguins are listed as ‘least concerned’ ones.

Fairy Penguin As Pets

Requisites for petting them: 

Housing: As Fairy Penguins are sociable, they can coexist with humans at home. They even adapt to the surroundings really fast so housing them won’t be a problem. For this, a water body or a pool having fresh water is essential as they will spend considerable time in it.

Food: They can be fed with small fishes fresh from the stream.

Caring: It is advised to protect them from excess heat, cold and snow, so don’t forget them outside! In case they fall sick, it would be advised to consult a professional.

Images of Fairy Penguin

Picture 6 – Fairy Penguin Image

Fairy Penguin Interesting Facts

  • These aquatic creatures were first mentioned and identified by German naturalist Johann Reinhold Forster in his journals published in 1781.
  • They form colonies during breeding season that are also called rookeries that stretch for several hundreds of km sq.
  • The maximum time that these fairy Penguins can stay underneath water by holding their breath is 60 seconds.
  • While going back to their burrows at night these wonderful creatures wait and call for each other so that they can travel safely. This parade is a sight to behold.
  • Penguins often preserve their energy by sleeping for longer duration.
  • Sleeping behavior of fairy Penguins often may remind of the birds.
  • For generating extra heat in their body, these creatures are often seen shivering.
  • They look lovely when they are found sliding or waddling on the ground.
  • They have great audible power and vision under water.
  • Tobogganing is the term given to the sliding of the Penguin on its stomach.
  • Fairy Penguins are the smallest in the species of Penguins known by different names.
  • Tourists visit Sea World in Australia’s Gold Coast which has a colony of Fairy Penguins.







One response to “Fairy Penguin”

  1. maddy Avatar

    can you tell me what ecosystem fairy penguins live in

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